Industrial lift trucks (or forklifts) are designed to move materials, not people. Platforms attached to forklifts can be used to provide access to work at heights if proper steps are taken to ensure both the platform and the forklift are safely set up, used, operated and maintained.
While the employer is ultimately responsible for all the provisions mentioned above, the supervisor has a vital role to play in the safety of their teams. As a supervisor, you must:
Operators of industrial lift trucks with a forklift platform raised more than 1.2 m with someone on the platform must:
Employees cannot be on a forklift platform unless:
When travel restraint or fall-arresting systems are used, the employer must ensure that:
General Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act
N.B. Reg. 91-191
Part XI TEMPORARY STRUCTURES
Section 129.1 Forklift Platforms
129.1 (1) In this section,
"forklift platform" means a work platform that is supported on the forks of an industrial lift truck.
(2) An employer shall ensure that a forklift platform
(a) is securely attached to the lift truck so as to prevent accidental movement of the platform or the tipping of the forklift,
(b) is designed and constructed of material of sufficient strength to support safely the loads to which it may be subjected, and
(c) if a manufactured platform, is erected, used, maintained and dismantled in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.
(3) An employer shall ensure that an industrial lift truck supporting a forklift platform
(a) is on a firm flat surface to ensure the truck's stability, and
(b) is operated by a competent person.
(4) An employer shall ensure that a forklift platform is equipped with guardrails.
(5) Despite subsection (4), if it is impracticable to install guardrails when an employee is required to work from a moving forklift platform, the employer shall provide and the employee shall use a travel restraint system or fall-arresting system attached to an anchor point provided by the manufacturer or approved by an engineer.
(6) When a fall-arresting system is used, the employer shall ensure that the fall-arresting system does not interfere with the raising and lowering of the platform.
[N.B. Reg. 2001-33, s. 40; 2010-159, s. 24]
129.2 A person who operates an industrial lift truck with a forklift platform shall, if the platform is elevated more than 1.2 m and there is a person on the platform,
(a) not move the truck, and
(b) remain at the controls of the truck.
[N.B. Reg. 2001-33, s. 40]
129.3 (1) An employee shall not work on a forklift platform unless
(a) the industrial lift truck is on a firm flat surface, and
(b) the platform is equipped with guardrails or a travel restraint system or fall-arresting system.
(2) Repealed. [N.B. Reg. 2010-159, s. 25]
[N.B. Reg. 2001-33, s. 40; 2010-159, s. 25]