Personal Protective Equipment - Head, Foot, Skin

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is an essential safety component of an employee's tasks when there is potential of injury as a result of an exposure or where a physical, chemical, or biological hazard exists. PPE is designed to protect an employee from possible harm and is required by workplace legislation. It is a control mechanism for an identified hazard; it only protects an employee when used properly and should only be considered as a last means of protection. Removing or engineering out the hazards should be tried before providing PPE for protection.

When using personal protective equipment (PPE):

  • All employees must have a full understanding for its need and use.
  • It must be properly fitted for each employee.
  • Its use must be consistently enforced, where needed.

As an employer, you must:

  • Provide and maintain in good condition the personal protective equipment required, and ensure that the employee is instructed and trained in its proper use and. You must also ensure the employee wears the equipment.

As an employee, you must:

  • When using any protective equipment:
    • Use the required equipment according to the instruction and training you have received.
    • Test or visually inspect the equipment before each use.
    • Report any defective equipment to your employer, and not use the defective equipment.
    • Properly care for the equipment while using it.
  • When a hazard may irritate or injure the eyes, face, ears or front of the neck, use protective equipment appropriate to the hazard that conforms to the CSA standard CAN/CSA-Z94.3-92, "Industrial Eye and Face Protectors" or a standard offering equal protection.
  • On a project site use Class E, Type 1 headwear that conforms to ANSI standard ANSI Z89.1-1997, "American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection" or a standard offering equal or better protection.
  • At all other workplaces where there is a potential hazard for head injury use headwear that conforms to the ANSI standard mentioned above.
  • On a project site, use Grade 1 footwear with sole protection that conforms to CSA standard CAN/CSA-Z195-M92, "Protective Footwear " or a standard offering equal protection.
  • At a workplace where there is a potential hazard for foot injury, use footwear appropriate for the hazard and that conforms to CSA standard mentioned above.
  • Use PPE such as protective gloves, boots, body covering, eye protection, barrier cream or oil, or other protective equipment to provide protection from the from skin, hand and extremes of heat and cold hazards.

General Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act
N.B. Reg. 91-191

Part VII PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Section 38 General

38. (1) Where protective equipment is required to be used by an employee under this Regulation, an employer shall provide the protective equipment required and shall ensure that the employee is instructed and trained in the proper use and care of the protective equipment.

(2) Where protective equipment is required to be used by an employee under this Regulation, an employee shall

(a) use the equipment that is required in accordance with the instruction and training received,

(b) test or visually inspect the equipment before each use as appropriate to the type of equipment to be used,

(c) report any defective equipment to the employer and not use the equipment, and

(d) care for the equipment properly while using it.

Section 39

39. Where an employee is exposed to a hazard that may irritate or injure the eyes, face, ears or front of the neck, the employee shall use protective equipment that is appropriate to the hazard and that conforms to CSA standard CAN/CSA-Z94.3-92, "Industrial Eye and Face Protectors" or a standard offering equivalent protection.

[N.B. Reg. 2001-33, s. 16]

Section 40

40. (1) On a project site, an employee shall use Class E, Type 1 headwear that conforms to ANSI standard ANSI Z89.1-1997, "American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection" or a standard offering equivalent or better protection.

(2) At a place of employment, other than a project site, where an employee is exposed to a hazard that may injure the employee's head, the employee shall use protective equipment that is appropriate to the hazard and that conforms to ANSI standard ANSI Z89.1-1997, "American National Standard for Industrial Head Protection" or a standard offering equivalent or better protection.

[N.B. Reg. 2001-33, s. 17]

Section 41

41. (1) On a project site, an employee shall use Grade 1 footwear with sole protection that conforms to CSA standard CAN/CSA-Z195-M92, "Protective Footwear" or a standard offering equivalent protection.

(2) At a place of employment, other than a project site, where an employee is exposed to a hazard that may injure the employee's foot, the employee shall use protective equipment that is appropriate to the hazard and that conforms to CSA standard CAN/CSA-Z195-M92, "Protective Footwear" or a standard offering equivalent protection.

[N.B. Reg. 2001-33, s. 18]

Section 42

42. Where an employee is exposed to a hazard that may injure the skin, the employee shall use, as necessary,

(a) adequate protective gloves,

(b) adequate protective boots or wooden clogs,

(c) adequate body covering,

(d) adequate eye protection,

(e) a barrier cream or oil to prevent irritation to exposed parts of the body, or

(f) other protective equipment sufficient to provide protection from the hazard.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT
A.N.B. 1983, c. O-0.2

DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS, OWNERS, CONTRACTORS, SUB-CONTRACTORS, EMPLOYEES AND SUPPLIERS

Section 9 Duties of employer

9. (1) Every employer shall

(a) take every reasonable precaution to ensure the health and safety of his employees;

(b) comply with this Act, the regulations and any order made in accordance with this Act or the regulations; and

(c) ensure that his employees comply with this Act, the regulations and any order made in accordance with this Act or the regulations.

(2) Without limiting the generality of the duties under subsection (1), every employer shall

(a) ensure that the necessary systems of work, tools, equipment, machines, devices and materials are maintained in good condition and are of minimum risk to health and safety when used as directed by the supplier or in accordance with the directions supplied by the supplier;

(a.1) ensure that the place of employment is inspected at least once a month to identify any risks to the health and safety of his employees;

(b) acquaint an employee with any hazard in connection with the use, handling, storage, disposal and transport of any tool, equipment, machine, device or biological, chemical or physical agent;

(c) provide the information that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(c.1) provide the instruction that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(c.2) provide the training that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(c.3) provide the supervision that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(d) provide and maintain in good condition such protective equipment as is required by regulation and ensure that such equipment is used by an employee in the course of work;

(e) co-operate with a committee, where such a committee has been established, a health and safety representative, where such a representative has been elected or designated, and with any person responsible for the enforcement of this Act and the regulations.

(3) An employer shall develop a program for the inspection referred to in paragraph (2)(a.1) with the joint health and safety committee, if any, or the health and safety representative, if any, and shall share the results of each inspection with the committee or the health and safety representative.

[S.N.B. 2001, c. 35, s. 3; 2007, c. 12, s. 2; 2013, c. 15, s. 4]