Emergency Procedures and Planning

An emergency response plan provides direction and guidance to help efficiently co-ordinate and manage resources in an emergency. It includes the actions necessary to reduce impact to people, property and the environment. Developing an emergency response plan begins with an assessment to determine:

  1. What emergencies could happen?
  2. What is the likelihood of an emergency occurring?
  3. What controls are in place or need to be put in place, to prevent an emergency from happening?
  4. What actions to take in an emergency.
  5. What resources would be required?

At the planning stage, it is important to get a wide range of people to participate. You may need to talk to all staff and departments, the joint health and safety committee (JHSC) and representatives, and appropriate community resources. If you are relying on help from an outside organization such as the fire department and other first responders, it is important to contact them ahead of time and discuss their availability, planning and response options. Communication, training and periodic drills are essential for a successful emergency response.

Employers

Employers with 20 or more regularly employed employees must consult with the JHSC to establish a health and safety program. The program may include the need for emergency procedures

In addition, employers must:

  • Provide new employees with a health and safety orientation. That orientation must include training on emergency or rescue procedures specific to the workplace, if such procedures are required.
  • Inform new employees of the location of first aid facilities and how to get first aid.
  • Ensure employees understand who to contact for emergency assistance and how.
  • Develop a written emergency transportation procedure on how and where to take sick or injured employees for medical services.
  • Provide transportation when medical attention beyond first aid is needed.
  • Ensure the workplace has the required number of staff designated, trained and available to provide first aid.
  • Ensure first aid providers keep a logbook of treatment.
  • Ensure the workplace has an emergency exit in case the normal exit is unusable or too dangerous to use.
  • Provide independent emergency lighting with a minimum illumination of 50 lux.
  • Frequently test any emergency lighting to ensure it is working properly.
  • Ensure emergency equipment is available, ready and appropriate for the hazardous substances used in the workplace.
  • Ensure designated emergency response staff are trained in the emergency procedures, including the required equipment.
  • Clean up hazardous substance leaks or spills immediately.

Supervisors

Supervisors must:

  • Understand all emergency and rescue procedures specific to their responsibilities in the workplace.
  • Report all emergencies and unsafe conditions to the proper authorities.
  • Maintain communication with others in the workplace during emergencies and when an employee is sick or injured.
  • Maintain communication with employees who are working alone, working in isolation, and in situations where emergency help is not immediately available.
  • Instruct employees in first aid and emergency procedures for the workplace and regularly review with them all emergency and rescue procedures specific to their responsibilities.

Employees

  • Report any safety concerns at work to your supervisor as soon as possible.
  • Participate in orientation and training, including how to follow emergency procedures.
  • Know your duties during an emergency, and how to safely evacuate.

Specific Situations

When working around or near water or other liquids that create a drowning risk

Please see the topic Water Safety

Confined Space

When employees are working in or near a confined space, employers must:

  • Appoint a competent person to verify that entrances and exits of the confined space allow people using protective equipment or emergency equipment to safely enter and exit.
  • Appoint a competent person to prepare a written report that sets out the emergency procedures to follow in case of an accident or emergency in or near the confined space. This must include:
    • When an alarm is activated, or
    • There is a significant change in the atmosphere
  • Identify any protective or emergency equipment required by an employee involved in rescue operations.
  • Ensure that employees about to enter a confined space, or who participate in rescue operations in a confined space, have read the written report and understand its contents. The employees must sign and date a copy of the report.
  • Instruct and train all employees who may need to rescue others in a confined space on the procedures and the necessary equipment.
  • Ensure a trained employee is close to the confined space and able to help in an emergency or rescue operation.
  • Ensure all the identified emergency equipment is:
    • Inspected by a competent person
    • In good working order
    • At the entrance to the confined space before the employee enters

Working at Heights – Fall Protection

When employees are working from heights, employers must:

  • Develop emergency and rescue procedures for using fall arrest systems
  • Train employees in emergency and rescue procedures before using a fall arrest system.

Logging and Silviculture

When employees are working in logging or silviculture, employers must:

  • Ensure that at least one supervisor is in each work area.
  • Establish specific emergency response procedures for the logging and silviculture operations, and ensure all employees working in those operations understand those procedures.
  • Make sure a woods road is constructed as close as is practical to the logging area to allow reasonable access and efficient evacuation in case of an emergency.

Additional sections that have emergency requirements include:

General Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act
N.B. Reg. 91-191

Part IV ILLUMINATION

Section 27

27. (1) Where failure of the normal lighting system may constitute a danger to an employee's health or safety, an employer shall ensure that emergency lighting is available that

(a) is independent of the normal lighting source, and

(b) provides a minimum of 50 lux of lighting so as to enable an employee to leave the place of employment safely.

(2) An employer shall ensure that the emergency lighting referred to in subsection (1) is frequently tested to ensure that it will function in an emergency.

(3) This section does not apply where a firefighter is engaged in structural fire-fighting.

[N.B. Reg. 97-121, s. 7]

Part XVII CONFINED SPACE

Section 263

263. (1) Where an employee is about to enter into a confined space, an employer shall appoint a competent person to verify by tests that

(a) the concentration of airborne chemical agents or airborne dust in the confined space is not hazardous to the health or safety of the employee,

(b) the concentration of an airborne chemical agent or mixture of chemical agents or airborne dust in the confined space does not exceed 50% of its lower explosive limit,

(c) the level of physical agents in the confined space is not hazardous to the health or safety of the employee,

(d) the percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere in the confined space is not less than 19.5% by volume and not more than 23% by volume,

(e) the concentration, level or percentage referred to in paragraphs (a) to (d) is able to be maintained during the period of proposed occupancy of the confined space by the employee,

(f) any liquid in which the employee may drown or any free flowing solid in which the employee may become entrapped has been removed from the confined space,

(g) the entry of any liquid, free flowing solid or any hazardous substance into the confined space in a quantity that could endanger the health or safety of the employee has been prevented by a secure means of disconnection or the fitting of blank flanges,

(h) all electrical equipment and machines that present a hazard to an employee entering into, exiting from or occupying the confined space have been locked out, with the machines being put in a zero energy state and locked out in accordance with sections 239 and 240, and

(i) the opening for entry into and exit from the confined space is sufficient to allow safe passage of an employee who is using protective equipment or emergency equipment.

(2) The competent person referred to in subsection (1) shall, when performing the tests required under paragraphs (1)(a) to (d), use appropriate and properly calibrated instruments that have been functionally tested.

(3) The competent person referred to in subsection (1) shall in a written report

(a) set out

(i) the results of the tests made under subsection (1), and

(ii) an evaluation of the hazards of the confined space,

(b) set out the procedures to be followed by an employee entering into, exiting from or occupying the confined space,

(c) identify the protective equipment that is to be used by every employee entering the confined space,

(d) set out the emergency procedures to be followed in the event of an accident or other emergency in or near the confined space, including immediate evacuation of the confined space when an alarm is activated or there is any significant change in the concentration, level or percentage referred to in subsection (1), and

(e) identify the protective equipment and emergency equipment to be used by an employee who undertakes rescue operations in the event of an accident or other emergency.

(4) An employer shall provide to each employee entering the confined space the protective equipment referred to in paragraph (3)(c) and to each employee who may undertake rescue operations the protective equipment and emergency equipment referred to in paragraph (3)(e).

(5) An employer shall ensure that the written report referred to in subsection (3) and any procedures set out in the report are explained to an employee who is about to enter into the confined space or who may undertake a rescue operation in the confined space and the employee shall read the report and acknowledge that the report and the procedures were explained to the employee by signing a dated copy of the report.

(6) An employer shall ensure that an employee who is about to enter into the confined space is instructed and trained in the procedures referred to in subsection (3) and in the use of the protective equipment referred to in paragraph (3)(c) and that an employee who may undertake rescue operations is instructed and trained in the procedures referred to in subsection (3) and in the use of the protective equipment and emergency equipment referred to in paragraph (3)(e).

(7) Every employee who enters into, exits from or occupies the confined space shall follow the procedures referred to in subsection (3) and use the protective equipment and emergency equipment referred to in subsection (3) as required.

Section 266

266. (1) An employer shall ensure that

(a) all protective equipment and emergency equipment identified under subsection 263(3)

(i) have been inspected by a competent person,

(ii) are in good working order, and

(iii) are at the entrance to the confined space before an employee enters the confined space;

(b) a competent employee trained in the procedures referred to in subsection 263(3) is

(i) in attendance outside the confined space,

(ii) in constant communication with the employee inside the confined space, and

(iii) provided with a suitable alarm for summoning assistance;

(c) the competent employee referred to in paragraph (b)

(i) holds a valid standard-level first aid certificate issued by the Canadian Red Cross Society or St. John Ambulance, and

(ii) is trained in artificial respiration and cardiopulmonary resuscitation;

(d) where required under subsection 263(3), every employee entering into, exiting from and occupying the confined space wears a full body harness attached to a life line that is attached to a secure anchor outside the confined space and is controlled by the competent employee referred to in paragraph (b);

(e) where there is more than one employee in the confined space, steps are taken to ensure that any life lines attached to body harnesses worn by the employees do not become entangled; and

(f) an employee who is trained in the emergency procedures referred to in subsection 263(3) and who is fully informed of the hazards in the confined space is in the immediate vicinity of the confined space to assist in the event of an accident or other emergency.

(2) An employer shall ensure that the full body harness referred to in paragraph (1)(d) meets the requirements for Group E harnesses in CSA standard CAN/CSA-Z259.10-M90 , "Full Body Harness".

[N.B. Reg. 2001-33, s. 90]

Part XX UNDERWATER DIVING OPERATIONS

Section 308

308. A diving supervisor's duties shall include

(a) planning the dive or dives in detail,

(b) briefing the crew,

(c) ensuring that all necessary equipment is provided and is in good operating condition,

(d) supervising the entire diving operation, and

(e) instructing the crew in emergency procedures.

Part XXI LOGGING AND SILVICULTURE OPERATIONS

Section 344

344. An employer shall ensure that

(a) at least one supervisor is present in each work area, and

(b) a procedure is established for responding to an emergency that may occur in a work area and that all employees are informed of such procedure.

Section 360 Woods Roads

360. (1) In this section and sections 361 to 363

"woods road" means any road, other than a local government road or provincial highway, through a forest area that provides access for the harvesting and extraction of raw forest products by means of a motor vehicle.

(2) An employer shall ensure that a woods road

(a) is provided with wide sections for passing if the road has only one travelling lane,

(b) has stop signs conspicuously located at intersections,

(c) has signs warning of dangerous curves and blind or steep hills conspicuously located to allow for ample reaction time, and

(d) is kept in a safe condition.

(3) An employer shall ensure that a woods road is constructed as close as is practicable to a logging area to allow reasonable access and efficient evacuation in the event of an emergency.

[N.B. Reg. 2005-80, s. 2; S.N.B. 2017, c. 20, s. 122]

Part VII PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Section 49.2

49.2 (1) An owner of a place of employment, an employer and a contractor shall each ensure that any fall-arresting system consists of the following:

(a) a full body harness that is designed and rated by the manufacturer for the employee's body type and adjusted to fit the employee;

(b) a self-retracting lanyard, an energy absorbing lanyard or a lanyard and energy absorber that is rated by the manufacturer for the employee;

(c) unless it is a horizontal life line, an anchor point that is capable of withstanding a 22 kN force or, if used under the direction of a competent person, four times the maximum load that may be generated in the fall-arresting system.

(2) An owner of a place of employment, an employer and a contractor shall each ensure that a fall-arresting system limits

(a) free falls to the shortest distance possible, which distance cannot exceed 1.8 m or a shock level on the body of 8 kN, and

(b) the total fall distance to an amount less than the distance from the work area to any safe level, water or obstruction below.

(3) Despite subsection (2), if using an energy absorber is hazardous or impracticable, the fall-arresting system shall

(a) not include an energy absorber,

(b) not use lanyards made of wire rope or other in-elastic material, and

(c) limit free falls to 1.2 m.

(4) Before any use of a fall-arresting system by an employee, an owner of a place of employment, an employer or a contractor shall develop a procedure to be used for rescuing an employee in an emergency.

(5) An owner of a place of employment, an employer and a contractor shall each ensure that an employee is trained to use the procedures referred to in subsection (4) for rescuing another employee in an emergency.

(6) If a fall-arresting system arrests a fall, an owner of a place of employment, an employer and a contractor shall each ensure that all components, including connecting components of a fall-arresting system are

(a) removed from service and inspected by a competent person,

(b) repaired to the designer's or manufacturer's specifications, or

(c) destroyed when a defect is observed.

[N.B. Reg. 2010-159, s. 5.]

Section 51

51. (1) The following definitions apply in this section.

"automatically inflatable personal flotation device" means a device that provides buoyancy through an automatic inflation mechanism with an oral inflation system as a back-up and when worn correctly supports a conscious employee in an upright or backward leaning position, but is not designed to turn an employee from a face-down to a face-up position in the water;

"life jacket" means an inherently buoyant device that when worn correctly supports a conscious or unconscious employee in an upright or backward leaning position and is designed to turn an employee from a face-down to a face-up position in the water;

"personal flotation device" means an inherently buoyant device that when worn correctly supports a conscious employee in an upright or backward leaning position, but is not designed to turn an employee from a face-down to a face-up position in the water, and includes devices that are designed to protect an employee against hypothermia..

(2) If an employee is exposed to a risk of drowning, an owner of a place of employment, an employer and a contractor shall each ensure the employee uses one of the following:

(a) a fall-protection system;

(b) a life jacket that conforms to CGSB standard CAN/CGSB-65.7-M88 , "Life Jackets, Inherently Buoyant Type";

(c) a personal flotation device that conforms to CGSB standard CAN/CGSB-65.11-M88 , "Personal Flotation Devices";

(d) an automatically inflatable personal flotation device that meets UL1180-95, "Fully Inflatable Recreational Personal Flotation Devices"; or

(e) a personal safety net that conforms to the requirements of section 49.8.

(3) The shell of a life jacket or flotation device referred to in paragraphs (2)(b) to (d) shall be bright yellow, orange or red and have retro-reflective material fitted on surfaces normally above the surface of the water.

(4) Despite subsection (2), an employee shall wear a life jacket when

(a) working alone, or

(b) there are insufficient resources to provide a quick and effective rescue.

(5) An employer and a contractor shall each ensure that an employee wears a life jacket or flotation device referred to in paragraphs (2)(b) to (d) when being transported in a boat.

(6) If an employee works on ice and the water under the ice is more than 1 m in depth, an employer and a contractor shall each test the ice before beginning any work and after as necessary to ensure that the ice will support any load placed on it.

(7) If an automatically inflatable personal flotation device is used, the employer and the employee shall each ensure that

(a) the device is inspected and maintained by a competent person in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications, and

(b) the date and details of the inspection and maintenance are recorded.

(8) If an employee may fall into water or any other liquid and may require assistance to return to a place of safety, an employer and contractor shall each ensure that a copy of emergency procedures is posted at the place of employment, and which copy shall contain

(a) a full description of the emergency procedures, including the responsibilities of all employees granted access to the place of employment; and

(b) the location of any emergency equipment and the name of the employee designated to operate the equipment.

(9) Emergency procedures shall include the following, as applicable:

(a) with regards to water or another liquid,

(i) its temperature,

(ii) its depth, and

(iii) its flow;

(b) any water traffic;

(c) the distance to the rescue boat;

(d) the distance to reach an employee;

(e) any projections or objects beneath the surface;

(f) any visibility issues;

(g) the time of day; and

(h) any adverse weather conditions.

(10) If an employee may fall into water or any other liquid and may require assistance to return to a place of safety, an employer and contractor shall each ensure that

(a) appropriate emergency equipment is ready to be used,

(b) a person who is competent to operate the emergency equipment is readily available to provide assistance, and

(c) an alarm system is provided to signal the need for a rescue.

(11) An employer and a contractor shall each ensure that an employee wears a life jacket or a personal flotation device when participating in a rescue.

(12) If an employer or contractor provides a boat for use in an emergency, the employer or contractor shall ensure

(a) that the rescue boat is equipped with a life ring or buoy that is attached to 30 m of rope and a boat hook, and

(b) that the rescue boat is motorized if the water is likely to be rough or swift.

[N.B. Reg. 97-121, s. 13; 2001-33, s. 22; 2010-159, s. 8]

Part VIII HANDLING AND STORAGE OF MATERIALS

Section 69

69. An employer shall ensure that

(a) only working quantities of hazardous substances are kept in areas where employees are working,

(b) emergency equipment appropriate for use in the event of escape of a hazardous substance is readily available,

(c) any spillage of a hazardous substance is immediately and adequately cleaned up, and

(d) a hazardous substance is disposed of so that it will not create a hazard to the health or safety of employees.

Part X CONSTRUCTION, TRAFFIC AND BUILDING SAFETY

Section 113 Access and Egress

113. (1) An employer shall provide a safe means of access to and egress from all areas where work is performed.

(2) An employer shall ensure that an emergency means of escape is provided from any area where the normal means of escape may be rendered dangerous or unusable.

(2.1) This section does not apply where a firefighter is engaged in structural fire-fighting or rescue.

(3) Repealed. [N.B. Reg. 96-106, s. 4]

[N.B. Reg. 96-106, s. 4; 97-121, s. 20]

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT
A.N.B. 1983, c. O-0.2

TOXIC SUBSTANCES

Section 42 Toxic substances

42. (1) Every employer at a place of employment shall prepare a list, in co-operation with the committee at the place of employment, if one exists, of all biological, chemical or physical agents used, handled, produced or otherwise present at the place of employment which may be hazardous to the health or safety of employees or which are suspected by the employees of being hazardous.

(1.1) Except where otherwise exempted by the regulations in respect of a claim for an exemption from disclosure of confidential business information in respect of a hazardous product, an employer, in preparing the list referred to in subsection (1), shall identify all such agents referred to in subsection (1) by their common or generic names where they are known to the employer.

(2) For every biological, chemical or physical agent listed under subsection (1), other than a hazardous product, the employer shall take all reasonable steps to ascertain from suppliers or otherwise and shall record;

(a) the ingredients thereof and their common or generic name or names;

(b) the composition and the properties thereof;

(c) the toxicological effect thereof;

(d) the effect of exposure thereto whether by contact, inhalation or ingestion;

(e) the protective measures used or to be used in respect thereof;

(f) the emergency measures used or to be used to deal with exposure in respect thereof; and

(g) the effect of the use, transport, storage and disposal thereof.

(3) The employer shall ensure that the list referred to in this section is kept current by amendments and shall provide a copy of the current list

(a) to the committee where one exists or to the health and safety representative, if any; and

(b) upon request, to an officer or any employee.

(4) Where the employer is unable to ascertain the ingredients or composition of any biological, chemical or physical agent listed under subsection (1), other than a hazardous product, he shall promptly provide the Commission with the trade name, and the name and address of the manufacturer of the substance.

[S.N.B. 1988, c. 30, s. 3; 2007, c. 12, s. 9; 2015, c. 28, s. 3]

DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS, OWNERS, CONTRACTORS, SUB-CONTRACTORS, EMPLOYEES AND SUPPLIERS

Section 8.1

8.1 (1) Every employer with 20 or more employees regularly employed in the Province shall establish a written health and safety program, in consultation with the committee or the health and safety representative, that includes provisions with respect to the following matters:

(a) the training and supervision of the employees in matters necessary to their health and safety;

(b) the preparation of written work procedures and codes of practice for the implementation of health and safety work practices, required by this Act, the regulations or by any order made in accordance with this Act;

(c) the identification of the types of work for which the work procedures are required at the places of employment of the employer;

(d) a hazard identification system that includes

(i) evaluation of the place of employment to identify potential hazards,

(ii) procedures and schedules for inspections, and

(iii) procedures for ensuring the reporting of hazards, prompt follow-up and control of the hazards;

(e) a system for the prompt investigation of hazardous occurrences to determine their causes and the actions needed to prevent recurrences;

(f) a record management system that includes reports of employee training, accident statistics, work procedures and health and safety inspections, maintenance, follow-up and investigations; and

(g) monitoring the implementation and effectiveness of the program.

(2) The employer shall review its health and safety program at least once each year, in consultation with the committee or the health and safety representative, and shall update the program as required.

(3) The employer shall make a copy of the program and all records available

(a) to the committee or the health and safety representative, and

(b) on request, to an employee at the place of employment or the Commission.

[S.N.B. 2013, c. 15, s. 3]

Section 8.2

8.2 (1) For the purposes of this section, "new employee" means an employee who is

(a) new to a position or place of employment,

(b) returning to a position or place of employment in which the hazards have changed during the employee’s absence,

(c) under 25 years of age and returning to a position or place of employment after an absence of more than six months, or

(d) affected by a change in the hazards of a position or place of employment.

(2) The employer shall ensure that a new employee receives orientation and training specific to the new employee’s position and place of employment before the new employee begins work.

(3) Despite subsection (2), if the employer is satisfied, based on written documentation, that the new employee has satisfactory training from a previous employer or third party, the employer may provide orientation only.

(4) The orientation for a new employee shall include the following:

(a) the name and contact information of the new employee’s supervisor;

(b) the contact information of the committee or the health and safety representative;

(c) the new employee’s rights, liabilities and duties under this Act and the regulations, including reporting requirements and the right to refuse to perform an act under section 19; 3

(d) the health and safety procedures and codes of practice related to the new employee’s job tasks;

(e) the location of first aid facilities and how to obtain first aid;

(f) the procedures related to the reporting of illnesses and injuries;

(g) the procedures related to emergencies; and

(h) the use of personal protective equipment, if applicable.

(5) The employer shall keep records of the orientation and training of new employees for at least three years.

[S.N.B. 2013, c. 15, s. 3]

Section 9 Duties of employer

9. (1) Every employer shall

(a) take every reasonable precaution to ensure the health and safety of his employees;

(b) comply with this Act, the regulations and any order made in accordance with this Act or the regulations; and

(c) ensure that his employees comply with this Act, the regulations and any order made in accordance with this Act or the regulations.

(2) Without limiting the generality of the duties under subsection (1), every employer shall

(a) ensure that the necessary systems of work, tools, equipment, machines, devices and materials are maintained in good condition and are of minimum risk to health and safety when used as directed by the supplier or in accordance with the directions supplied by the supplier;

(a.1) ensure that the place of employment is inspected at least once a month to identify any risks to the health and safety of his employees;

(b) acquaint an employee with any hazard in connection with the use, handling, storage, disposal and transport of any tool, equipment, machine, device or biological, chemical or physical agent;

(c) provide the information that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(c.1) provide the instruction that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(c.2) provide the training that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(c.3) provide the supervision that is necessary to ensure an employee’s health and safety;

(d) provide and maintain in good condition such protective equipment as is required by regulation and ensure that such equipment is used by an employee in the course of work;

(e) co-operate with a committee, where such a committee has been established, a health and safety representative, where such a representative has been elected or designated, and with any person responsible for the enforcement of this Act and the regulations.

(3) An employer shall develop a program for the inspection referred to in paragraph (2)(a.1) with the joint health and safety committee, if any, or the health and safety representative, if any, and shall share the results of each inspection with the committee or the health and safety representative.

[S.N.B. 2001, c. 35, s. 3; 2007, c. 12, s. 2; 2013, c. 15, s. 4]

First Aid Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act
N.B. Reg. 2004-130

Section 4 Employer responsibilities

4. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), an employer shall provide and maintain the first aid kits, first aid providers and first aid rooms at a place of employment in accordance with Schedule A for the maximum number of employees present during a shift.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), where the place of employment is a project site, the contractor shall provide and maintain the first aid kits, first aid providers and first aid rooms as set out in Schedule A for all persons having access to the project site, and the provisions of this Regulation that apply to an employer apply to a contractor at every project site for which the contractor is responsible for the health and safety of persons having access to the project site.

(3) The requirements set out in this Regulation are minimum requirements, and each employer shall assess the risks that employees are likely to encounter at a place of employment and shall ensure that there are adequate first aid supplies, equipment, services and facilities in place for the provision of first aid, having regard to those risks.

Section 5 Emergency communication procedure

5. (1) An employer shall ensure that an emergency communication procedure is established in order for employees to summon assistance in the event of an illness or accident of an employee.

(2) The communication procedure shall

(a) be in writing,

(b) describe how to contact assistance,

(c) provide directions to the place of employment and instructions as to how to access the place of employment, and

(d) be posted in a conspicuous place at the place of employment.

(3) Where the posting of the emergency communication procedure is not practicable, an employer shall ensure that each employee is informed of the contents of the emergency communication procedure.

Section 6 Emergency transportation

6. (1) An employer shall prepare, in writing, a transportation procedure that describes arrangements for the transportation of injured or ill employees from the place of employment to the nearest health care facility.

(2) Where it is necessary to move an injured or ill employee from an isolated site to another place in order to transfer to an ambulance, an employer shall ensure that the transportation is by a means that

(a) is suitable, considering the distance to be travelled and the types of serious injuries or illnesses that may occur,

(b) affords protection against the weather,

(c) is equipped with a means of two-way voice communication with the emergency medical services to which the injured or ill employee is being transported, and

(d) is of sufficient size and suitability to accommodate a stretcher and accompanying persons where required.

(3) An employer shall provide a means of communication to summon the transportation in the event of a medical emergency and shall ensure that transportation is readily available in the event of a medical emergency when work is carried out at an isolated site.

(4) Where an employee is seriously injured or needs to be accompanied during transport, an employer shall ensure that the employee is accompanied by at least one first aid provider who is not the operator of the transportation.

Section 7 First aid providers

7. (1) An employer shall designate one or more employees to act as first aid providers and maintain a record of the names of each employee who is designated as a first aid provider.

(2) An employer shall post, at a conspicuous place at the place of employment, signs that state the names of first aid providers.

(3) Where the posting of a sign is not practicable, the employer shall ensure that each employee is informed of the identity of first aid providers.

(4) An employer shall ensure that an employee who is designated as a first aid provider

(a) does not perform work of a nature likely to affect the employee's ability to administer first aid, and

(b) has readily available access to disposable latex or vinyl gloves and a face shield with a one-way valve.

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act
N.B. Reg. 2016-6

EMPLOYEE EDUCATION, INSTRUCTION AND TRAINING

Section 7 Program of employee education, instruction and training

7. (1) An employer shall ensure that an employee who works with a hazardous product or who may be exposed to a hazardous product in the course of his or her work activities receives education, instruction and training in

(a) the content required on a supplier label and workplace label and the purpose and significance of the information contained on the labels,

(b) the content required on a safety data sheet and the purpose and significance of the information contained on the safety data sheet,

(c) procedures for the safe use, storage, handling and disposal of a hazardous product,

(d) specific information needed for the safe use, storage, handling and disposal of a hazardous product contained or transferred in

(i) a pipe,

(ii) a piping system including valves,

(iii) a process vessel,

(iv) a reaction vessel, or

(v) a tank car, tank truck, ore car, conveyor belt or similar conveyance,

(e) procedures to be followed where fugitive emissions are present and where employees may be exposed to the fugitive emissions, and

(f) procedures to be followed in case of an emergency involving a hazardous product.

(2) An employer shall ensure that the program of employee education, instruction and training required by subsection (1) is

(a) developed and implemented for the employer’s place of employment,

(b) related to any other hazard prevention and control program at the place of employment, and

(c) developed and implemented in consultation with the committee, if any, or the health and safety representative, if any.

(3) So far as is reasonably practicable, an employer shall ensure that

(a) the program of employee education, instruction and training required by subsection (1) results in an employee being able to apply the information as needed to protect the employee’s health and safety,

(b) the knowledge of the employees is periodically evaluated using a written test, practical demonstration or other suitable means, and

(c) the requirements of paragraph (b) are determined in consultation with the committee, if any, or the health and safety representative, if any.

(4) An employer shall review at least annually, or more frequently if required by a change in work conditions or available hazard information, and in consultation with the committee, if any, or health and safety representative, if any, the education, instruction and training provided to employees concerning hazardous products.

Underground Mine Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act
N.B. Reg. 96-105

Part V EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND FIRE PROTECTION

Section 64 Emergency preparedness plan

64. (1) An employer shall prepare an emergency preparedness plan, in writing, that is to be followed both on the surface and underground in case of a fire or other emergency occurring underground or in a building or structure where the entrance to the mine may be endangered.

(2) An employer shall file a copy of the emergency preparedness plan with the Commission and the committee within one month after the commencement of this Regulation and in the case of a person who becomes an employer after the commencement of this Regulation, within three months after becoming an employer.

(3) An employer shall ensure that the emergency preparedness plan is updated at least annually or whenever a change in the plan is necessary, whichever occurs first, and that a copy of the updated plan is filed with the Commission and with the committee within one month after the plan is updated.

(4) An employer shall ensure that all employees whose health and safety might be affected by a fire or other emergency are adequately instructed and informed regarding their duties and responsibilities in the event it is necessary to implement the emergency preparedness plan.